Posted by: theoptimisticconservative | August 14, 2013

A unified theory of Benghazi

There are several threads that converge in the emerging drama of the Benghazi attack on 9/11/2012.  One relates to the involvement of terrorists out of Egypt, with whom ousted president Mohammed Morsi is implicated.   A theory about their purpose focuses on securing the release of the “Blind Sheikh,” Omar Abdul Rahman, sought by Morsi and referenced by him on several occasions as an issue between Egypt and the United States.

One thread involves that “awful Internet video,” Innocence of Muslims, and the fomentation of an attack on the U.S. embassy in Cairo – by associates of the Morsi government – at the same time as the attack on the U.S. facilities in Benghazi.  Regarding this thread, one supposition about the significance of the attacks is that they were meant to pressure the U.S. into clamping down on “defamation of Islam.”  But an equally important issue is the question why the video figured so large in the official explanation of the Benghazi attack offered by the Obama administration – in contravention of the assessment provided by the intelligence community.

A third thread relates to the arms trade in the Mediterranean, including the shipment of arms from Libya – specifically, from Benghazi – to Syrian rebel groups.  A key focus here has been on the possibility that Ambassador Chris Stevens, or at least someone under his supervision, was involved in brokering such shipments, perhaps smoothing their path through Turkey.  A collateral issue has been the question whether the main thrust of U.S. policy was to arm the Syrian rebels – in violation of UN resolutions, and without the authorization of Congress – or to police up the vast Qadhafi-era  arsenal floating, untethered, around Libya.

The arms connection

A revelation on Monday the 12th, from the attorney of one of the Benghazi “whistleblowers,” that 400 surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) were “stolen,” presumably from somewhere in Benghazi, isn’t really big news.

The implication of the attorney’s informant, that the U.S. government would be embarrassed by this disclosure, seems to point to a connection between whatever the CIA was doing in Benghazi and the fate of the 400 SAMs.  But we pretty much knew about allegations in that regard already.  As early as October 2012, Fox News and Business Insider were making the connection between U.S. activities in Benghazi and shipments of Russian SA-7 man-portable SAMs to Syria.

It’s not clear why it would be worse for the reputation of Team Obama if missiles were lost or stolen than if we were participating in shipping them to Syria.  Stolen missiles might be known to have fallen into the hands of an al-Qaeda organization, but anyone who’s been paying the slightest attention knows that weapons deliberately handed to Syrian rebels are doing the same thing.

As Barry Rubin has pointed out, moreover, it seems naïve and even incompetent for an administration to go to general quarters to try and shut down rumors of gun-running, which is always epidemic during civil wars.  The wonder would be if there weren’t gun-running going on, and the U.S. weren’t aware of it, or hadn’t encountered any situation in which we had to make a policy decision about it.

The new “400 missiles” story, however, comes out at the same time as a very comprehensive summary by Walid Shoebat and Ben Barrack of the information being reported in Arabic media on the involvement of the Egyptian Ansar al-Sharia terror group – also called the “Jamal network” – in the Benghazi attack.  A key member of the group, Muhammad Jamal Abdo al-Kashif, played a major role in Egyptian Islamic Jihad in the 1990s, a career for which he had been jailed by Hosni Mubarak.  (Al-Kashif gained his freedom in the prison releases during the Arab Spring revolt in 2011; more on him here.)  Through al-Kashif’s associates and documents provided by Libyan investigators, Mohammed Morsi himself is implicated in the plan to attack the U.S. facilities in Benghazi.

What would prompt him – or, if we deal Morsi out of the analysis for the moment, what would prompt the Jamal/Ansar al-Sharia terrorists, who are loyal to Ayman al-Zawahiri and al-Qaeda – to coordinate an attack in Benghazi?  The suggestion of Shoebat and Barrack, that their plan was related to the desired release of the Blind Sheikh, doesn’t quite ring sufficient to me.  Why put so much firepower on a couple of poorly-defended compounds; hold the advantage in the encounter for hours; and yet come away with no hostages?  From the perspective of operational analysis, it’s probably not incompetence that produced this outcome.  There were more efficient ways to get hold of the ambassador (or other Americans), if the purpose was to end up with hostages and set up a negotiation for Omar Abdul Rahman.*

Arms and influence

The 400 surface-to-air missiles reminded me of something Catherine Herridge said in October 2012: that Ambassador Stevens may have been in Benghazi to negotiate a weapons transfer, as part of “an effort to get SA-7 missiles out of the hands of Libya-based extremists” (emphasis added).  The significance of this passage is subtle but game-changing.  Suppose the whole Benghazi issue revolves, not around whom the arms were going to, but around the fact that the U.S. presence in Benghazi was serving to funnel arms away from the groups al-Kashif, and probably Mohammed Morsi, wanted to patronize in Libya?

Indeed, suppose that the Morsi-authorized al-Kashif group wanted to gain control of the arms trade in Libya in general.  Keep in mind, Morsi was president of Egypt, and was thinking 24/7 in terms of consolidating and expanding power on the nation-state model.  For obvious reasons, Egypt has always has a special strategic concern about what’s going on in Libya.  All you have to do to know why Morsi would want to exert control over events and factions there is look at a map.

What was the main thing standing in the way of an Egypt-based radical “outreach” into Libya, one that would include control of the arms patronage to jihadist groups arising from liberation of the Qadhafi arsenal?  The United States – and, specifically, our activities in Benghazi.  We had set up, in effect, as a rival to the Egyptian radicals, in our attempt to wrestle down the post-Qadhafi arms hemorrhage.

Egypt Libya map


You’d have to have a pretty myopic view of Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood, Egyptian Salafi terrorists, and the intelligence of the average Egyptian in general, to imagine that the strategic importance of a Libya in chaos had not occurred to them, in the guise of both a threat and an opportunity.  (This article in May 2013 suggested precisely that it had occurred to al-Kashif, aka Abu Ahmed.)  To Americans, Benghazi is a remote abstraction; for the Egyptians, it is a geographic “duh”:  the bustling sea port next door, where whatever the Americans may be doing will stand out against the landscape, becoming the inevitable subject of spying, maneuver, and annoyance.  We can assume that, far from having a passive cross-border posture, Morsi & Co. were taking an active interest in Libya.

Muhammad Jamal al Kashif, from a video posted by the Al Marsad News Network. Courtesy of SITE Intelligence Group.

Muhammad Jamal al Kashif, from a video posted by the Al Marsad News Network. Courtesy of SITE Intelligence Group.


It is less likely that Morsi or al-Kashif wanted, generically, to “give America a black eye” than it is that they simply wanted to get rid of our inconvenient presence in Benghazi.  Our poor security precautions there made the job easier; it was foolish of us to think we could set up to snatch arms from extremists, in Benghazi, Libya, without needing a heavier presence and really good security.  Meanwhile, the theory that al-Kashif and/or Morsi wanted to drive us out of Benghazi because of our arms-related activities there has the merit of explaining why a planned, military-style attack on our facilities was mounted, but without any success – in spite of opportunities – at hostage-taking.

Breaching the compounds may have been intended as a means of looking for weapons stores as well as terrorizing us, but I’m not so sure the attackers needed that opportunity to search.  As previously revealed in some detail, security for the U.S. facilities in Benghazi had been provided by members of the Feb. 17 Martyrs Brigade, of which the Libyan version of Ansar al-Sharia – connected, like the Egyptian Ansar al-Sharia, to al-Qaeda – was a spin-off.  The attackers, who were associates of the Feb. 17 group, already knew what was inside the compounds.

“The video made ‘em do it”

This leaves us to account for the peculiar readiness-to-hand of the “Internet video” story, when  the Obama administration was crafting talking points for the Sunday news shows after the Benghazi attack.

If you haven’t followed the genesis of the “video-as-catalyst” drama from the Egyptian perspective, traced in lengthy detail by Walid Shoebat (see also here and here), it’s worth your time to get acquainted with it (and don’t worry; if you’re not a fan of Shoebat’s premises or analysis, you won’t be asked to take anything on faith.  It’s all documented).


Muslim Brothers Yusuf al-Qaradawi and Mohammed Morsi

Muslim Brothers Yusuf al-Qaradawi and Mohammed Morsi

What Shoebat and Barrack clarify, with Shoebat’s backstory in mind, is that there is evidence of an elaborate plan, in which members of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Guidance Bureau were involved, to use the video as a pretext for attacks on the U.S. diplomatic facilities.

This alters the character of the Obama administration’s fixation on the weird little video, from strange to something else.  If you had happened to watch Al-Nas TV in Egypt, a few days before 9/11/12, you might perhaps have been aware that the video was being used by a couple of Islamist activists – one of them from the Nour Salafi Party in the Egyptian parliament – to encourage the event that became the storming of the U.S. embassy in Cairo.  Perhaps the especially acute awareness of this video in the upper reaches of the Obama administration was due to diligent reporting from TV buffs at the U.S. mission in Egypt.

But blaming the video for what happened in Benghazi is not a conclusion U.S. analysts would have come to unprompted.  Indeed, we know that the intelligence assessment forwarded to seniors at State and the White House identified terror groups as probably the responsible parties, and made no mention of the video at all.

All of this is known.  But considering it in light of Libyan revelations from the Shoebat-Barrack report – i.e., that launching attacks and blaming them on the video was a plan approved by members of the Guidance Bureau of the Muslim Brotherhood – puts a new slant on the situation.  Rather than merely going off on a tangent of some kind with the “blame the video” line, the Obama administration was, in effect, retailing a Muslim Brotherhood theme.

Hook, line, and sinker?

The character of this response from Team Obama is clear:  it was not that they detected the theme in operation; it was that they bought into it.  They didn’t tell the American people that the Muslim Brotherhood wanted us to believe the attacks were in response to the video.  They told us that the attacks were in response to the video.

It’s not clear how this theme, reportedly planned by the Muslim Brotherhood, became so immediately significant in the Obama administration’s talking points.  Their intelligence advisors didn’t give them the theme; “the video made ‘em do it” is not what U.S. intelligence thought to be the case.  If the Libyan information referenced by Shoebat and Barrack is valid, it’s what the Muslim Brotherhood wanted us to think.  But a U.S. administration that knew that would not retail the story as if it were true.  Team Obama reacted like a convinced audience of disinformation, rather than like a partner in it or a savvy detector of it.

Potential avenues by which this theme could have reached the top level of the Obama administration – in the guise of special, perhaps “inside” information or analysis – include the Morsi-government contacts of the U.S. mission in Egypt, and, of course, Huma Abedin.

I stress here that we need not imagine spies and Cold War-style – covert – agents of influence to be at work in this drama.  American diplomats could have picked up the story in the normal course of talking to their Egyptian contacts, given that it was a narrative being fostered by Morsi.  As related to the embassy attack in Egypt, they could have pieced it together from the news there.  Even going through Huma Abedin to Hillary Clinton’s office, the transmission path for the theme could hardly be called secretive or covert.

Nor is it nefarious, in and of itself, for foreign governments to foster their own narratives or seek to introduce them to other governments through diplomatic channels.  What is at work in this case is not so much shocking nefariousness in the path of influence, as it is the apparent credulity of the Obama administration, especially about the source in question – a Muslim Brotherhood-run government – along with the administration’s anxiety to push the narrative of the video at the expense of facts about the Benghazi attack, which to this day have been ignored, denied, or withheld from Congress and the public.

We can take it to the bank that whatever narrative the Muslim Brotherhood wants to foster will be a lie; its signature on a narrative is nefarious, and will inevitably involve suppressing or distorting the truth.  It is disquieting to see the Obama administration apparently caught up in a Muslim Brotherhood narrative about the Benghazi attack.

Meanwhile, I am beginning to think we can deduce a key reason – perhaps the main reason – for the attack on Benghazi.  Haplessly or otherwise, we were doing something there that effectively thwarted the plans of Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood, and al-Qaeda.  Our Benghazi operation had to be shut down so that they could have a free hand in brokering arms and influence among the jihadis in Libya.  And so it was.


* In fairness to those who have been advocating the kidnapping/hostage theory – such as Shoebat – I urge readers to consider their arguments on the merits.  The Shoebat links in my discussion of the “video” theme contain an extended treatment of the topic.  I can also recommend Doug Ross (Director Blue), who has been on this from the beginning.

J.E. Dyer’s articles have appeared at Hot Air, Commentary’s “contentions,Patheos, The Daily Caller, The Jewish Press, and The Weekly Standard online. She also writes for the new blog Liberty Unyielding.

Note for new commenters: Welcome! There is a one-time “approval” process that keeps down the spam. There may be a delay in the posting if your first comment, but once you’re “approved,” you can join the fray at will.


  1. There’s another possibility: Iran / Assad, to warn / deter the USA and/or get hold of some manpads

  2. File this one under: You have got to be fing kidding.

    • Welcome, doriangrey1. Links must contain no foul language in the link title or verbiage, if posted here at TOC. Otherwise, welcome to the fray.

  3. jgets: “I’m completely confused now.”
    al zawahiri: “Good”

  4. So, the Turkish guy was allowed exit through enemy lines an hour before the attack? Does anyone find this, ah, interesting, incongruous, inconsistent, strange? If Stevens had been in the car, would the car have made it through the hood? JE, if you please.

    How long before a civilian airliner is brought down by one of the New Age Stingers? We were giving them away in Afghanistan a few decades ago.

    I am shocked, shocked to learn the Muslim Brotherhood noticed the Obama Administration is a Ship of Fools.

    Last, I would like to thank the Eqyptian Military for silencing the Muslim Brotherhood toadies in and around Washington with Real Politic and lots of ammunition.

    Now for the important stuff. Circle 8/31 on your calender. OU/La Monroe. The team is not a push over. Remember Arkansas last year. They almost beat Baylor. Lost at Auburn by only 3.
    Monroe has become a football factory for talented guys that have academic problems. Could be an interesting opening. About 6:30 central. Pay Per View. I couldn’t believe it either.

    I understand the Obama Administration Experts are picking Texas to win the Big 12 because most of the starting 22 are returning! LOL!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  5. Hello Ms. Dyer,
    Always look forward to your disquisitions on Commentary and since finding your site here, it’s been a pleasure catching up on articles that have not come across the transom in my usual haunts.

    May I suggest a true paranoid’s view of Benghazi, by noting shapes at a different altitude. There’s no way for a layman to get at more detail than you have supplied, but a paranoid sees this:

    9/11/12 – Benghazi attack; Ambassador Stevens and 3 others killed;
    10/18/12 – General Carter Ham is relieved of the US African command;
    10/27/12 – Rear Admiral Charles Gaouette is relieved of his Mideast command for the Carrier Strike Group;
    11/9/12 – General Petraeus resigns as head of the CIA;
    (nice symmetry on the 9/11 and 11/9 endpoints… would appeal to a Kabbalist!)

    So the madman’s thinking goes like this (and I don’t like to admit that I see this view clearly!):

    Within 2 months of the Benghazi disaster, not only have we, by then, been fed a steady diet of untruths about goings-on that night and left dangling on possible follow-through in finding the perpetrators, but all persons up the chain of command around the incident have been disappeared, with the added bonus that David Petraeus does not have to testify about Benghazi after his resignation. The pushback was much more intense than that for, say, Watergate fables cooked up by Nixon’s helpers to stem investigation into the break-in, or Oliver North’s answers about President Reagan’s role in Iran-Contra. So the thing they’re hiding about Benghazi is much worse than missiles gone missing, or supporting Morsi’s adventurism in Libya or Syrian rebels getting really higher quality armaments. It has to be a thing where we’re actively abetting an enemy other than al Qaeda, or actively undermining an ally. The two candidates really good for the parts are Iran and Israel, respectively.

    This is where the true paranoid’s thoughts lead, and where he would look for clues.

    Absolutely no proof to offer (as is usually the case with paranoid delusions), but if this were a crime show on television, I’d get out a white board and put pictures of the personalities like Ham and Gaouette and Petraeus up there and ask what were they doing in the period leading up to Benghazi, not to sully any of these fine men’s reputations, but just to find a dribble about where the CIA was active and had its feelers out and why. And, I would ask the Israelis what they know, since they may have had a horse in this race that they didn’t know about. And I’d pull the lugs (love that phrase) for all the diplomatic demarches prior to this debacle from many embassies, not just Cairo and Tripoli.

    Paranoia aside, it makes not a whit of difference before or after the election that the Obama Administration had been (still is) an active supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood (the press would not take it to task for this sin, regardless) and of its ideological twin in Turkey, nor that, as you say, weapons consigned to Syrian rebels were presumed to end up in al Qaeda hands. So it has to be bigger. The Obama Administration has one tried and true stratagem that it always uses when it gets caught out, and that is to slow down all information transfers. With Benghazi, they’ve nearly mastered time travel.

    Your loyal reader,


    • You are not paranoid my friend.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: